What do Marxists, fascists, Islamists and liberals have in common? This is not some cheap joke. There is one thing. They all exaggerate the scale of people’s loyalties, to their class, their race, their faith and, well, their fellow man; everything beyond their families, friends and neighbourhoods. Humans care about these things. They care a lot about them. They tell us who we are and what it means to be alive. But if peoples or if faiths are extended families, ask yourself: how much more do you care about your brother than your second cousin?
Ideologues who ignore this are doomed to frustration. Even Muslims, with their firm, aged, divinely-mandated sense of the oneness of the Ummah, cannot shed their tribal and sectarian impulses. Mass society is a peculiar modern thing. Man cannot be monolithic any more than atomised.
See also, “A Note on Ritual and Scale”.